The main TESEC activities
Development of legislative and scientific bases on prevention, response and liquidation of emergency consequences and Chornobyl accident consequences overcoming.
of Emergencies Report “Ukraine population and territories protection from
emergencies. Annual report of the
To analyse measures efficiency concerning Chornobyl accident consequences overcoming, Ministry of Emergencies Report “Carrying out the National program of minimisation of consequences of Chornobyl catastrophe in 1997. Annual report” was prepared. The similar report for 1998 was prepared.
In 1998 the scientific background of Emergency Classification was developed and Emergency Classification Guide was prepared by TESEC. On the base of them Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from July 15, 1998 ¹1099 Emergency Classification Guide was adopted and “Regulation of emergencies classification” was affirmed.
The scientific background was developed and Regulation about unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies was prepared. On the base of them Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers from August 3, 1998 ¹1198 “About unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies” was adopted and “Regulation about unified state system of prevention and response on technological and natural emergencies USS” was affirmed.
“Conception of program
of prevention and response on emergencies of technological and natural
disasters in Ukraine on 1999-
Seminar “Unified State
System of Prevention and Response on Emergencies” was carried out on 10 -
One of the main activities of TESEC in 1998 was carrying out training of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe stuff to the basis of computer science and main principals of using “MEP-Inform” in different situations.
TESEC specialists had carried out training of Ministry of Emergencies stuff to the computer science basis.
According to BISTRO TACIS
project BIS/98/030/01 “Concept of the Chornobyl Catastrophe consequences Minimisation Program for
During first stage of the project operation, the analysis of current situation due to consequences of the Chemobyl Catastrophe and effectiveness of the implemented countermeasures were performed. Under results of those analysis, the main priority areas of the accident consequence minimisation were establised. First edition of the report was presented to the Ukraine Parliament, Ukraine Cabinet of Ministries, Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe, Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety of Ukraine, Ministry of Health Protection etc. Their remarks and suggestions were taking into account in the next editions of the report. Finally, after long-term activities and numbers of agreed meetings, the final report was developed. That report contains consensus assessment of the current situation, implemented countermeasures effectiveness and priority areas of the programme.
At the next stage of the project operation, taking into account current situations, effectiveness of the implemented countermeasures and economic capabilities of Ukraine, substantive tasks under each priority area were the developed. The concept of the programme defines the main requirements to the "Programme of Minimisation of the Consequences of the Chomobyl Accident for 2001-2005 years and till 2010". The leading scientists and experts, deputies of the Ukraine Parliament participated in that activity. The final version of the report on project “Definition of the Priority Areas of the programme of Minimisation of the Consequences of the Chemobyl Accident and the Development of the Long-Term Concept of the Programme (2000 - 2005)” have been considered at a seminar.
On this basis’ National
Program of the Chornobyl Catastrophe Consequences
Minimisation for period 2000-2005 and up to
In accordance with the order of Council of Europe Cabinet of Ministers the report “Risk Assessment of the Consequences of the Chornobyl Accident and Counter Measure Efficiency" was prepared.
The activities were carried out according to the Item 9.2 Decisions of 652nd meeting – 15 December 1998 of the Committee of Ministers: ASSISTANCE TO VICTIMS OF THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER (CM/Del/Dec(98)641/9.8, 645/9.3, CM(98)201, GR-E(98)10) under order EUR-OPA Major Hazards Partial Agreement.
According to the order of Minister ¹33p from 6.05.2000, the International seminar “Legislation basis of emergency response. National Response Planning on Nuclear and Radiation Accidents." had been carried out on 11-12 May, 2000. Specialists from IAEA, Ministry of Emergencies, Ministry of Fuel end Energy, National Atomic Energy Generating Company, NPPs Exploitation Support Institute, State Emergency Technical Centre, Ministry of Environment, Rivne, Khmelnytskiy, Zaporizhia, Pivdenno-Ukrains’k, Chornobyl NPPs as well as representatives from Ministry of Emergency departments in Kyiv, Rivne, Mykolaiv, Zaporizhia and Khmel’nytskiy regions had participated in the Workshop.
The International conference “Fifteen Years after the Chornobyl Accident. Lessons Learned"
The world community of scientists and experts, representatives of Ukraine, Belarus and Russian Federation and intergovernmental organizations met to discuss the environmental, medical and social consequences of the Chornobyl accident, the effectiveness of countermeasures that have been implemented.
517 participants from 17 countries of the world and representatives of 12 embassies in Ukraine had participated in the Conference. Among the participants of the Conference: UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mr. Kenzo Oshima, Vice-Premier Minister of Republic Belarus Mr. G.V. Novitskiy and Minister of Emergency Mr. V.P. Astapov, Deputy Minister of Russian Federation in Affairs of Civil Protection, Emergencies and Liquidation of Disaster Consequences Mrs. Gerasimova N.V., Head of Delegation of the European Commission in Ukraine Mr. Andre Vanhaeverbeke, IAEA Deputy Director General Mr. Zigmund Domaratzki, Executive Secretary of Council of Europe Open Partial Agreement Mr. Jean-Pierre Massue, UN representative in Ukraine Mr. Duglas Gardner, representatives of President of Ukraine Administration, Supreme Rada of Ukraine, members of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, other official persons and heads of public associations of Ukraine.
At the plenary meeting on April 18, statements from Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, the United Nations Organization, European Commission, Council of Europe, International Atomic Energy Agency have been presented.
National reports were presented by representatives of Republic Belarus, Russian Federation, Ukraine.
Reports devoted to problems related with Chornobyl NPP accident consequences were presented by IAEA Deputy Director General Mr. Zigmund Domaratzki, Executive Secretary of Council of Europe Open Partial Agreement Mr. Jean-Pierre Massue, Coordinator of UN Chornobyl programs in Ukraine Mr. Dushan Zupka, representative of European Commission Mr. Hans Forsstrum.
Conference met his main goal and developed the common vision of the international scientific community with regard to the ecological, medical and social consequences of the disaster and drawn conclusions and recommendations to use them in decision making on further mitigation the effects of the Chornobyl catastrophe, prevention of nuclear and radiation accidents
According to the protocol ¹5 of meeting of the Council of Founders of European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC), the International Unit of Nuclear and Technological Disaster Consequences Response Monitoring (IUDM) was created within the TESEC structure in 2002.
Following the Decree of Ministry of Ukraine of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe 09.01.2002 the REGULATION "On Provision of International Monitoring of Disasters Consequences" has been developed and executed.
Analytical study of national regulation on emergency management has been carried out in 2002-2003.
Analysis of the Ukrainian
legislation on industrial, agricultural and military waste management have been
made in 2005
The integration of Ukraine to European Union, maintenance of transition of Ukraine to sustainable development is referred as a priority of state policy of Ukraine and is stipulated by the Plan of actions Ukraine - EU.
With that aim the Ministry of Environment of Ukraine jointly with TESEC carried out in September 6-7, 2005 the conference on ecological aspects of sustainable development of Ukraine.
April 26, 2006 is the 20th anniversary of the
Chernobyl accident. The International Conference "Twenty Years after
Chernobyl accident. Future Outlook"
held 24-26 April
The Chernobyl accident resulted in many changes, not only in Ukraine, Belarus and Russia, but around the whole world. International standards on radiation protection, national strategies on the development of nuclear power, strengthening of nuclear safety and radioactive waste management have been revised. Twenty years after the accident is a good time for the international community to review and discuss these issues.
In the Conference activity took part the President of Ukraine V.Yushenko, other well-known politics, scientists and experts from 25 countries of the world:
Australia, Austria, Armenia, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Brazil, China, Cuba, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Italy, Kazakhstan, Korea, Norway, Poland, Russia, USA, France, Switzerland, Sweden, Japan
and known international organizations:
European Commission, International Atomic Energy Agency, World Health Organisation, UN Development Program, and Council of Europe.
In whole in the conference have taken part more than 900 politics, scientists and experts. It is more than 200 journalists from leading information agencies of the world lighting the conference.
Contribution to the organizing of the international conference “Twenty-five years after the Chernobyl accident: Safety for the future”, Kiev, Ukraine, 20-22 April 2011
April 26, 2011 marks 25 anniversary of the Chernobyl accident. In many countries nuclear technology is seen as one of the increasingly important solutions for meeting rising energy demands, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, mitigating climate change, counterbalancing fluctuating prices of fossil energy sources. At the same time the Chernobyl’s legacy should be carefully taken into account.
How to use Chernobyl lessons for the safety of nuclear power and other hazardous technologies, to protect people and the environment from emergency - this is the main objective of the international conference "Twenty-five Years after Chernobyl Accident. Safety for the Future ", Kyiv, April 20-22, 2011.
The conference addressing to the following key issues:
· nuclear and radiological risks - cooperation of governments and communities;
· effects of nuclear and radiological accidents to human health and the environment;
· Chernobyl “Shelter”, Chernobyl NPP decommissioning, strategy for radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel management;
· development of prevention and response to nuclear and other man-made disasters, emergency planning, public awareness and involvement population in the emergency planning, post-accident radiation monitoring;
· radiological consequences of Chernobyl accident, agriculture production on the contaminated area, social and economic development of Chernobyl-affected areas: successful models of development, overcoming of stereotypes and enhancing investment attractiveness of regions;
· scientific achievements and new technologies for the safety of the future.
725 participants from 43 countries took a part in conference.
The conference started from Statements on behalf of the Conference organizers, Governments and International organizations.
from Ukraine, Nikolay Azarov, Prime-Minister of Ukraine
from the UN, Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General
from UNESCO, Irina Bokova, Director-General
from the Council of Europe, Thorbjørn Jagland, Secretary-General
from IAEA, Yukiya Amano, Director General
from the European Commission, Andris Piebalgs, Commissioner for Development
from WHO, Zsuzsanna Jacab, Regional Director
from International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Matthias Schmale, Undersecretary General,
from European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Thomas Mirow, President,
from European Forum for Local and Regional Disaster Management, Jan Mans, President,
The program committee created international working group for Conclusions and Recommendation development.
The working group developed of Conference conclusions and recommendations
Development of the booklet “Nuclear hazard. Basic knowledge”
In his Statement for International Conference “Twenty-five Years after Chernobyl Accident. Safety for the Future”, (Kyiv, April 20-22, 2011), the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said:
“To many, nuclear energy looks to be a relatively clean and logical choice in an era of increasing resource scarcity. Yet the record requires us to ask painful questions: have we correctly calculated its risks and costs? Are we doing all we can to keep the world's people safe? …Looking to the future, we need international standards for construction, agreed guarantees of public safety, full transparency and information-sharing, among others. … Let us make that the enduring legacy of Chernobyl.”
In that line, both the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe Thorbjørn Jagland and the UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova pointed out in their Statements at the conference that people have right to be better informed and protected against the nuclear hazard.
The public perception of Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents clearly shows the insufficient information of people on radiation hazards attributed to radionuclides releases. The iodine doses received in Europe from the Fukushima release were minimal (less than 1/1000 of the exposure from natural radionuclides) yet population in many European cities felt threatened and were not ready to trust the official information provided by national authorities or experts.
After Chernobyl and Fukushima emergencies, experience shows that increasingly people only trust information they can actually understand. Thus it is important to provide them with meaningful information about nuclear hazard and build their own capacity to analyse risk.
The conclusions adopted of the International Conference “Twenty-five Years after Chernobyl Accident. Safety for the Future” state that :
“… The activity aimed at better awareness and knowledge of population on the nature of radiation hazards and protective actions in case of an accident should be improved. This work should be implemented directly to the public and via teachers, doctors and other population groups who will be able to disseminate this knowledge. The international collaboration on all aspects of better radiological protection of people should be strengthening.”
Following that line of thought, the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement of the Council of Europe has proposed to develop a new publication on “Basic Knowledge on Nuclear Hazard : the lessons from Chernobyl and Fukushima”.
The idea is to provide ex-ante more accurate information of population on radiological hazard as the best way to protect them in case of disaster. The aim of this book is: present trusted basic knowledge on nuclear hazard in such a way to interest different groups of people (journalists, decision makers, students, …).
The draft of the Booklet has been developed on the basis of 25 years experience lecturing for different categories of people: students, emergency workers, medical doctors, teachers and general public from Chernobyl contaminated area.
The draft of Booklet has been presented 22.08.2011 on Seminar “Sustainable development for Chornobyl-affected areas” , organized by ICRIN/UNDP, University of Oxford and NaUKMA with the support of UNV and the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy in Ukraine.
The draft of Booklet has been presented on Scientific meeting: “The Fukushima nuclear accident: is it another Chernobyl ??” organized by San-Marino National Authority, CEMEC, Italian Association for Medical Radiation Protection.
The draft of Booklet has been presented on International Earth Science Olympiad -IESO 2011 5-14 Sep. 2011, Modena – Italy organized by Italian Ministry of Education, Local Organizing Committee IESO 2011, Department of Earth Science University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
The draft of Booklet has been presented on First meeting for the joint project « Nuclear Hazard. Chernobyl and Fukushima – Lessons for Public Awareness »
Office of the Council of Europe, Friday, 4 November 2011.
Education and research activities
Annually 1997-2013 TESEC carries out International Summer Schools “Post-accidental Radiation Monitoring Techniques”.
These Summer School are organized to provide training and experience in:
The Chornobyl accident has provided a unique opportunity for research and training on emergency response and post-accidental radiation monitoring. It is one of only a few places in the world where effective training and experience in internal and external dose assessment, sample collection and preparation, contamination mapping and decision making can be provided in real highly contaminated area. It is important to expand such experience for development of post-accident radiation monitoring techniques and decision making in a case of nuclear or radiation accident.
The curriculum is designed for emergency workers, decision-makers, graduate students, university faculty, and scientist interested in emergency preparedness and response, radiation protection and risk assessment.
The curriculum includes:
International Summer Schools have been participated by the representatives from Austria, USA, Kenya, Brazil, Canada, Kosovo, Hungary, Italy, Slovenia and Ukraine.
Train-the-Trainers Workshops on Monitoring Strategies and Procedures were carried out jointly with
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the TESEC training facility during
This Workshop was organised for countries participating in the Regional Technical Co-operation Project Harmonisation of National Nuclear Emergency Preparedness. English Workshop have been participated by the representatives from Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia Turkey and Ukraine. Russian language Workshop have been participated by the representatives from Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Moldova, Russia, Slovak Republic and Ukraine.
The activities were carried out in a framework of regional IAEA project RER/9/050 "Harmonisation of National Nuclear Emergency Preparedness", in accordance to the order of Minister of Emergencies ¹ 152 from 26.05.99 and order of Cabinet of Ministers ¹ 6658/29 from 29.03.99.
Mobile Radiological Laboratories Intercomparison Measurements MORAL-12 were carried out by European Centre of Technogenic Safety (Kyiv, Ukraine) and Institute "Josef Stefan" (Ljubljana, Slovenia) under auspices of IAEA during period from September 13 to September 18, 1999. Field exercises were carried out inside Exclusion Zone. There are 75 people have been participated this Workshop. Totally, there are 19 Mobile Laboratory Teams and 24 Mobile Laboratory Units were participated Workshop activities.
Mobile laboratory teams from Czech Republic, Slovenia, Austria, Slovak Republic, Switzerland, Germany, Hungary, France, Ukraine and IAEA.
Methods and Procedures for Post-accident Radiation Monitoring have been developed.
These are field sampling methods, laboratory gamma spectrometry and in-situ gamma spectrometry methods, gross alpha and beta measurement methods and radiation protection of emergency workers. All necessary equipment was determined for each of them and methods of quality control for each type of equipment were described. Elaboration of the basic statistic data evaluation methods was the last step of post-accident monitoring methods elaboration.
These methods and procedures were tested and implemented in real conditions in Chornobyl exclusion zone during carrying out of Seventh International Summer School on Post-Accident Radiation Monitoring Techniques (September, 2001).
In 2002 the International Association for the Promotions and Co-operation with Scientists from the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union, Brussels (INTAS), Belgium has supported annual summer school.
Post-Accident Radiation Monitoring Techniques
Organizers: European Centre of Technological Safety, Kyiv, Ukraine
EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement
Host Country: Ukraine
Host Institute: European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC)
Training Course director: Dr. Victor Poyarkov
Executive Director, European Centre of Technological
Safety 13, General Naumov Str., 03164 Kiev-164, Ukraine
Course duration: 9 days
Course dates: annually
Course language: English
No. of participants: 20-25 participants
TESEC training facility,
Field Exercise location: Will be done in Exclusion Zone around Chornobyl NPP
Objectives of the Training Course
The risks for teams working within the Exclusion Zone are low yet all the necessary worker protective actions and guides have to be exercised. Estimated effective dose per participant per duration of the workshop will most likely not exceed 100 µSv.
Training Course ADMINISTRATION
Module M 1: Emergency monitoring overview
Module M 2: Field radiation and contamination monitoring
Module M 3: Field sampling
Module M 4: Gamma spectrometry
c. In-situ gamma spectrometry
Module M 5: Radiation protection of monitoring teams
Module M 6: Basic data evaluation
Chernobyl accident and lessons learned
Results and experience from previous Summer Schools
DEMONSTRATIONS AND DRILLS
Session 1: Radiation instruments and QC checks
Session 2: Sampling equipment and techniques
Session 3: Laboratory gamma spectrometer calibration
Session 4: In-Situ gamma spectrometer calibration
Session 5: Personal and equipment contamination check
Session 6: Evaluation session
FIELD AND LABORATORY EXERCISES
Exercise No.1: Field and contamination monitoring
Objectives: Exercising the tasks of Environmental Survey Team
Exercise No.2: Sampling
Objectives: Exercising the tasks of sampling teams
Exercise No.3: In-situ gamma spectrometry
Objectives: Exercising the tasks of In-situ Gamma Spectrometry Team
Exercise No.4: Laboratory measurements
Exercise No.5: Personal and equipment contamination check
Adapted generic procedures, worksheets and equipment checklists from IAEA document Generic procedures for monitoring during a nuclear or radiological emergency will be used.
At the end of each exercise results of the measurements are compared and discussed.
To Sarcophagus object of Chornobyl NPP and Prypyat' city
Past Summer Schools and Workshops review.
Summer School (2000)
Summer School ( 2001)
137Cs inventory distribution in 100x100 meters square, MBq/m2
In-situ spectrometry, Summer School 2007
Analytical report "Effects on the environment and on the civil population by the stocking of chemical weapons and recommendation for measures for protection against these risks"
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in the Recommendation 1571 (2002) "REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS BY DESTROYING CHEMICAL WEAPONS" underlines the threat posed by stockpiles of old chemical weapons and by unexploded munitions abandoned in all war zones.
The deliberate or accidental release of toxic combat substances into the biosphere would have tragic consequences both for human life and health and for the environment.
The major concern is about possible damage to the marine environment and to the food chain resulting from chemical weapons (CW) have been dumped at sea, especially those dumped in the North Sea and the Baltic at or after the end of the World War II.
The Assembly recommends that the Committee of Ministers include in its work programme, in particular in the work programme of the EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement, the monitoring of issues relating to the environmental consequences of stockpiling chemical weapons.
The Committee of Permanent Correspondents of EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement instructed its European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC) to prepare a report on how the environment is affected by the stocks of chemical weapons and the measures to be drawn up to protect the civil population against these risks.
The report has been prepared in 2003 by an international team of experts
The report have been presented on the MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE OF PERMANENT CORRESPONDENTS (Paris, Council of Europe Office 21-22 October 2003)
The international workshop “Public authorities and civil society together for a safe
European nuclear future: learning
The main aim of the Workshop was to define priorities and tools for better emergency preparedness of populations living in the areas that might be affected by an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). This should be done by disseminating best European practices on emergency planning; co-operation between the state, local authorities and NPP operators; early warning procedures; iodine prophylaxis and other protective actions.
Task Force Group Meeting “To foster better
radiological protection and information for populations living in areas that
might be affected in the case of an nuclear or radiation accident” was held in
The main aim was establishing a Euro-Mediterranean Network to foster better radiological protection and information for populations living in areas that might be affected in the case of an accident at a Nuclear Power Plant or any other nuclear facilities through dissemination of best European experience on emergency planning, early warning procedures, iodine prophylaxis and other elements of radiological protection. The purpose of Task Force Group (TFG) meeting was developing basis for co-operation with Group of Local Authorities with Nuclear Facilities in Europe (GMF), Spanish Group of Mayors in Municipalities with Nuclear Facilities (AMAC) and Association of Swedish Local Authorities with Nuclear Facilities (KSO).